Artificial Intelligence as key to preserving the environment and the forestry industry

AI is defined as the combination of algorithms previously proposed to create machines with the same capabilities as humans. A technology that is already a reality amid the digital age, and that presents a very wide range of applications.

Different types of Artificial Intelligence are differentiated. On the one hand, systems that think like humans, and therefore are capable of automating various activities such as problem-solving or learning. On the other hand, systems that act in the same way as humans. Also, systems that think rationally, designed to simulate the rational logical thinking of human beings. And finally, systems that act rationally.

AI is present in a wide range of research that is currently being carried out for the preservation of the environment and the forest industry.

Artificial Intelligence can also be used to significantly improve different weather forecasts worldwide. This technology makes it possible to analyze data in real-time and with a minimum margin of error about meteorological catastrophes. Thus, making use of various mathematical models, it is possible to offer different solutions to prevent this type of disaster, creating early warnings and properly coordinating emergency management.

FOODS RESISTANT TO WEATHER DISASTERS

Currently, great advances are being made globally concerning the development of crops resistant to climate change. Scientists have managed to obtain some varieties of rice that are resistant to flooding. In addition, the European Union is supporting a research project for the development of drought-tolerant cereals.

One of the main consequences of climate change will be floods and drought, especially in the poorest areas of the Earth.

USING AI TO CONSERVE THE OCEANS

The oceans comprise 70% of the Earth’s surface. In addition, they generate almost 50% of oxygen, providing food and regulating the planet’s temperature.

Recently, a group of researchers from the French institute Mines-Telecom (IMT) is studying and making forecasts about the influence that climate change has on the oceans. An investigation that has been possible thanks to Artificial Intelligence, from which the French team is developing different 3D models to study in detail the behaviour of the oceans from remote sensing data that have been collected by satellite.

With this research, French scientists want to know the terrestrial climate and what impact that climate change is having on the oceans: currents, increase in CO2 concentrations …

But this is not the only research-based on Artificial Intelligence to preserve the oceans. The last year 2018, Microsoft, one of the most influential companies in the world, launched the Al For Earth project. A program that was very well accepted, and that awarded grants ranging between 5,000 and 15,000 dollars for research aimed at analyzing any of the four areas vital to developing a sustainable future: water, biodiversity, climate and agriculture.

Microsoft supported very interesting works, such as “Wild Me”, in which AI was applied to combat the extinction of species. Scientists applied Artificial Intelligence to develop various deep learning algorithms to scan and identify all species individually.

THE ROLE OF AI IN FIRE FIGHTING

Artificial Intelligence also plays a key role in preserving the environment and fighting fires. The multinational technology IBM has applied AI to develop the “Bee2FireDetection” tool, which is capable of calculating the probability of a fire occurring. It is therefore of great help to combat it in a more agile and effective way.

This tool is always in operation, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. In addition, its radius of action is very wide, which makes it possible to detect forest fires that are 15 kilometres away. To do this, it makes use of a series of algorithms, in addition to collecting different environmental and meteorological terrain data. Thus, “Bee2FireDetection” makes a very precise forecast, with a minimum margin of error.

AI, KEY TO ELIMINATING FOOD WASTE

Another via of research with Artificial Intelligence as the main protagonist is that aimed at eliminating waste in the food system. In economic terms, this would represent a saving of approximately 127,000 million annually worldwide. The various tools developed could determine the exact moment when the fruit is ready to be harvested, thereby adapting the food supply to the demand.

Source: Tecnologia para los negocios

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